Bipolar Disorder is typically a chronic condition that requires ongoing medication management. It affects approximately 3% of the population.
Bipolar Disorder consists of two distinct phases:
Mania and Depression:
Manic symptoms typically last around a week at minimum with excessive energy, reduced need for sleep, overly talkative, restlessness, mood unusually elevated or euphoric. Also can experience irritability, abrupt mood shifts, impulsivity, reckless behavior or loss of touch with reality.
Depression typically lasts weeks to months with low mood, hopelessness, worthlessness, sleep or weight changes, poor focus, low motivation, decreased interest in normal activities.
Some patients with Bipolar Disorder experience predominantly depressive episodes, while others can alternate often between mania or depression.